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Pyramidal Beech

Fagus sylvatica 'Fastigiata'

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Pyramidal Beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Fastigiata') at Kushner's Garden & Patio

Pyramidal Beech

Pyramidal Beech

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  60 feet

Spread:  15 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  5

Other Names:  Common Beech, European Beech


A tall, extremely narrow tree of the highest quality, excellent for articulation or as a tall screen; quite particular about growing conditions, requires rich soil and significant moisture; an ideal size for home landscape use, preferable to the species

Ornamental Features

Pyramidal Beech is primarily valued in the landscape for its rigidly columnar form. It has dark green deciduous foliage which emerges light green in spring. The serrated pointy leaves turn an outstanding coppery-bronze in the fall. The smooth silver bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Pyramidal Beech is a dense deciduous tree with a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Pyramidal Beech is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Vertical Accent

Planting & Growing

Pyramidal Beech will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Shade  Articulation 
Fall Color  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features